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The book is Step by Step Guide to writing a literature review for doctoral research
Theoretical Framework Assignment Instructions
Research is typically explained, or supported, by a theoretical framework. The question to ask when writing the theoretical framework is “how does the theory inform the problem?” The information in the theoretical framework must present the theory and theorist, coordinating concepts, and rationale for utilizing the theory for the research with a clear connection drawn between the theory and the proposed research.
For this assignment, you will use the information from the textbook reading to write a 1-2-page theoretical framework for your research. Choose one theory to explain your research.
· The first page should be a correctly APA formatted title page that includes the title of your study written as required in the textbook and the applied research report. Do not title this assignment “Theoretical Framework Assignment.”
· The second and third pages should be a well-written theoretical framework for your research. This paper must have level one and two headings. Include at least five peer-reviewed scholarly articles using citations. You may not go over the two-page limit, and you must meet the 1-2-page limit (within ¼ of a page either direction). Your voice, as the researcher, must be evident in the explanation of how this theory is appropriate for your research. This must be submitted as one Word document.
· The last page must be the Reference page.
You must use the information from the textbook reading this week to be successful on this assignment.
Note: Your assignment will be checked for originality via the Turnitin plagiarism tool.
IMPROVING STUDENT TEST SCORES
Recommendations for Solving the Problem of Low Test Scores on the Ohio Educational Assessment for Science at Hampton High School
School of Education, Liberty University
In partial fulfillment of EDUC 850
I have no known conflict of interest to disclose.
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Student Name, 1971 University Boulevard, Lynchburg, VA 24515. Email: [email protected]
The main purpose of the theoretical framework is to guide the research and allow the researcher to focus on a specific goal (Merriam & Tisdell, 2016). In addition, a solid theoretical framework is used to identify the problem related to the research topic, guide the development of the research questions, and determine the best type of research method for answering those questions. The theory used to explain this research was the measurement of intelligence theory by Binet and Simon (1916).
The measurement of intelligence theory by Binet and Simon (1916) provides a framework and foundation for modern standardized tests. The theory posits that intelligence cannot be measured through a singular tool; rather, the broad nature of one’s intelligence can only be fairly measured when compared to others of similar backgrounds. In France, Binet was tasked with identifying students that needed additional assistance in their educational journey as compulsory attendance became mandatory (Cherry, 2019). This led to the creation of the Binet-Simon scale, which later became known as the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale when it was standardized by Stanford University psychologist, Lewis Terman (United States Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, 1992). Because many modern standardized tests are based on Binet and Simon’s measure of intelligence theory and, likewise, the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale, this theory is an appropriate choice for this study which seeks to improve standardized assessment scores.
According to Bertolini et al. (2012), several factors impact students’ performance on standardized tests. There are also several strategies that may be implemented at various levels within the structure of a school to help improve students’ performance on standardized tests (Education World, 2019; Garcia & Thornton, 2014; National Association of Elementary School Principals, 2011). This research sought to identify themes related to the problem of students’ low-test scores on the OEA for Science, which is a standardized test; thus, Binet and Simon’s (1916) Measurement of Intelligence Theory is a logical choice for this research.
Bertolini, K., Stremmel, A., & Thorngren, J. (2012). Student achievement factors (ED569687). ERIC. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED568687.pdf
Binet, A., & Simon, T. (1916). The development of intelligence in children: The Binet-Simon scale. Williams & Wilkins, Co. https://doi.org/10.1037/11069-000
Cherry, K. (2019). Alfred Binet and the history of IQ testing. Very Well Mind. https://www.verywellmind.com/history-of-intelligence-testing-2795581
Education World. (2019). Boosting test scores: Principal strategies that work. https://www.educationworld.com/a_admin/admin/admin366.shtml
Garcia, L. E., & Thornton, O. (2014, November 18). The enduring importance of parental involvement. NEA Today. http://neatoday.org/2014/11/18/the-enduring-importance-of-parental-involvement-2/
Merriam, S. B., & Tisdell, E. J. (2016). Qualitative research: A guide to design an implementation (4th ed.). Wiley Publishing.
National Association of Elementary School Principles. (2011). Using student achievement data to support instructional decision making. http://www.naesp.org/sites/default/files/Student_Data_0.pdf
U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment. (1992). Testing in American schools: Asking the right questions. U.S. Government Printing Office.
Recommendations for Solving Low Rates of College Readiness at James Monroe
High School, West Virginia
School of Education, Liberty University
In partial fulfillment of EDUC 850
I have no known conflict of interest to disclose.
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Michael Whitener
Email: [email protected]
Recommendations for Solving Low Rates of College Readiness at James Monroe High
School, West Virginia
The theoretical structure is a critical concept in a research study that gives a structure,
holding or supporting the theory of the study by introducing and describing a theory applicable
in the research study as a significant conceptual framework. According to the author, the
theoretical framework is a structure that summarizes concepts and theories that a researcher
develops from the previous documented knowledge for the synthesis of theoretical background,
creating a platform for data analysis and interpretation of the meaning in a research data for
effective recommendations and conclusions (Kivunja, 2020). Furthermore, the main role of a
theoretical framework in a study is to develop a framework for research with a scholarly
foundation for sense-making and significant presentation of the data. Similarly, in research for
Recommendations for Solving Low Rates of College Readiness at James Monroe High School,
West Virginia, there are notable psychometric theories that describe the concept of human
intelligence that will be effective to provide resolution and recommendations based on the data
to management Low Rates of College Readiness at James Monroe High School. Thus,
accommodating theories such as Gardner's Theory of Multiple intelligence will be effective in
establishing an intelligence-based solution for the Low Rates of College Readiness at James
Monroe High School.
Theoretical Framework Overview
The Gardner Theory of Multiple Intelligence submitted that for one to accommodate the
full range of abilities and talents that people possess, individuals have the intellectual capacity,
and notable distinctive intelligence, including musical, interpersonal, spatial-visual, and
linguistic intelligence (Michele, 2020). Significantly, the theorist proposed seven notable forms
including linguistic, musical, logical-mathematical, spatial, body-kinesthetic, intrapersonal, and
interpersonal associations. Accordingly, the theory implies that learning and teaching should
accommodate learner-centric approaches to embrace varying factors that influence the
outcomes. Importantly, Logical-mathematical intelligence is critical for effective performance
and critical reasoning that is central to learning, teaching, and performance. According to
Kapur (2018), there are notable factors that influence the performance of students on
performance and readiness. The findings revealed that fundamental factors such as school,
environment teaching methods, learners' attitudes, and parental support are critical for effective
readiness and performance in a school. Significantly, the theory will be effective in providing
an effective area to support the need for effective articulation on different intelligence levels
and areas among learners at James Monroe High School for effective solutions,
recommendations, and changes for better readiness in performance.
In research to investigate the effectiveness of Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligence
in learning and teaching, the results indicated that the teachers and educators are more involved
with students and creating an environment for learners to maximize their attitude, readiness,
and effective learning for overall performance. Similarly, accommodating the concepts of the
theory such as learner-centric approaches to managing the factors influencing reediness and
performance will provide a framework and structure, holding or supporting the theory of the
study by introducing and describing a theory applicable in the research study as a significant
conceptual framework. Furthermore, Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligence provides an
effective platform to accommodate significant applications in managing differences in teachers
and learners to create a common ground for effective applications in the research study.
Furthermore, (Duwal & Khonju, 2020) offered effective research to investigate factors
influencing students’ academic performance and learning attitude at Community Colleges in
Bhaktapur District. The study revealed that there are internal and external factors that impact a
student's performance.Thus, applying Gardner's Theory of Multiple intelligence as the
fundamental theoretical framework is critical in addressing musical, interpersonal, spatial-
visual, and linguistic intelligence for effective solutions and recommendations in a research
study for Recommendations for Solving Low Rates of College Readiness at James Monroe
High School, West Virginia.
Duwal, B., & Khonju, L. (2021). Factors Affecting Students' Academic Performance: The Case
of Students at Community Colleges in Bhaktapur District. International Research
Journal of Management Science, (5)1, 25-36
Erdem, E., & Keklik, I. (2020). Multiple Intelligences Profiles in Prospective Teachers.
Education Reform Journal (5)1, 27-44
Kapur, R. (2018). Factors Influencing the Student’s Academic Performance in Secondary
Schools in India. t: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324819919
Kivunja, C. (2020). Distinguishing between Theory, Theoretical Framework, and Conceptual
Framework: A Systematic Review of Lessons from the Field. International Journal of
Higher Education, (7)6, 44-53
Michele, B. (2020). Benefits of Incorporating Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences Theory
into Teaching Practices. Capstone Projects and Master's Theses. 804.
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